EFFECT OF FOOTWEAR ON BALANCE AND GAIT IN MEN AGED BETWEEN 60 TO 80 YEARS

Salvi Shah, Disha Monsara, Jalak Shah, Chelsi Gabani

Abstract


Background & Purpose: Decline in physical mobility is a major concern for many older people. Even small improvements in the areas of mobility, balance, and gait may contribute valuable benefits in terms of quality of life. Footwear, being at the interface between the body and the supporting surface, has the potential to affect balance and subsequently, the risk of falling. Hence the purpose of this study was to evaluate the balance & gait while wearing different type of footwear using functional reach test (FRT), time up and go test(TUG) and 10 meter walk test(10 MWT). Subjects: 50 older males aged between 60-80 years. Method: Demographic data, brief history and characteristics of different type of footwear were recorded. Each subjects performed FRT, TUG and MWT while barefoot, walking shoe and usual footwear (slipper). Each subject had performed all 3 tests without any difficulty. Three trials were given for each test and average of three trials was noted by therapist. One way repeated measure ANOVA and post-hoc analysis were done by SPSS. Results: One way repeated measure ANOVA showed that there was a significant difference between each footwear condition for all 3 tests. Post-hoc analysis revealed that walking shoes were having significant superior score than the barefoot & usual footwear for all 3 tests. Conclusion: Walking shoes improve balance and gait in older males. Walking shoes also provide shock absorption and allow people to walk faster without increasing the impact loading of the body. So Footwear intervention should be considered as a way of improving gait and balance in older males.

Keywords


Different footwear; Balance; Gait

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References


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