A STUDY TO FIND OUT RELIABILITY AND CON-CURRENT VALIDITY OF FULLERTON ADVANCED BALANCE SCALE FOR ASSESSMENT OF FUNCTIONAL BALANCE IN INDEPENDENT OLDER ADULTS IN INDIA - AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

sneha laxmanbhai chauhan

Abstract


Context: Falls are a common and often devastating problem among older people, causing a tremendous amount of morbidity, mortality and use of health care services including that most effective and cost-effective fall reduction programmes have involved systematic fall risk assessment and targeted interventions, exercise programmes and environmental-inspection and hazard-reduction programmes.

 Aim: The aim of the study was to find out reliability and con-current validity of Fullerton advance balance scale for assessment of functional balance in independent older adults.

Settings and Design: An observation study was carried out in Shree K.K Sheth physiotherapy college, Rajkot.

Method and Material: For measure reliability and validity of FAB Scale 40 (Male-24, Female-16) older adults should be taken. Intrarater reliability FAB Scale measured by rater A1 and after 24 hour by same rater A2. For concurrent validity of BBS score has been taken at first day by rater A1. 

Stastical analysis: Data was analysed by using SPSS Version 20. Intra rater reliability and concurrent validity of FAB Scale were assessed by Spearman's correlation coefficient.

Results: Spearman's correlation coefficient value for Intra rater reliability is 0.954 and concurrent validity is 0.847 which show moderately positive correlation of Intra rater reliability and concurrent validity of Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale with Berg Balance Scale.

 Conclusion: The Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale appears to be reliable and valid test to independent older adults affect movement to walk over obstacles, anticipatory control, dynamic gait and reactive postural control in various directions. The FAB Scale is an easy-to-administer, less equipment use and less time consuming clinical test with concurrent validity, intra rater reliability for assessment of functional balance in independent older adults in India.

 

Keywords: Older adults, Intra rater reliability, Concurrent validity, Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale (FAB), Berg Balance Scale (BBS)


Keywords


Older adults, Intra rater reliability, Concurrent validity, Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale (FAB), Berg Balance Scale (BBS)

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References


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