TO STUDY THE PREVALENCE AND CORRELATION OF FLATFOOT WITH DYNAMIC BALANCE IN SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN IN KOTKAPURA CITY OF PUNJAB

Simratjeet Kaur

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Background: Flatfoot is a condition in which the foot does not have a normal medial longitudinal arch when standing. Among children bilateral flatfoot has been found very common.

Aims & Objective: The main objective of this paper is to study the prevalence and correlation of flatfoot with dynamic balance in school going children in kotkapura city of Punjab.

Materials and Methods: This is a cross sectional study made on 892 school children between the ages of 8-14 years having flexible flatfoot from 6 government schools of Kotkapura city of Punjab. Three Foot print measurements – Arch Index, Staheli’s Arch Index &Chippaux Smirak Index were taken for the diagnosis of flatfoot. Dynamic balance of subjects having flatfoot was measured with Star Excursion Balance Test.

Result: The prevalence of flatfoot was calculated by mean percentages of Foot Print Index Scores & the correlation of Flatfoot & Dynamic Balance was calculated with Karl Pearson Coefficient. Out of 892, 163 had unilateral flatfoot & 76 had bilateral flatfoot. SEBT Score for dynamic balance shown negative correlation with Foot print Index Score of flatfoot.

Conclusion: The prevalence of bilateral flatfoot was 46.6%, and Girls were more affected as compare to boys. SEBT Score for dynamic balance was more in dominant side as compare to Non-dominant side. Thus results show negative correlation of flatfoot with dynamic balance in 8,11,13 & 14 year of age group. 


Keywords


Flatfoot, Prevalence, Children, Dynamic Balance, SEBT.

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References


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